Wednesday, March 22, 2023

Who then shall speak for Africa’s victims?

Africa has a plethora of organisations, such as the African Union, the Economic Community of West African States, the Southern Africa Development Community, the East African Community and many others. We have enough of them to serve and protect the citizens across the continent; but do they?

Our African organisations seem more eager to protect the interests of African Heads of State than care about citizens under duress. Their obligations are with the ruling elite regardless of how those leaders abuse their citizens. African organisations have disgraced the continent in Sudan, Central African Republic, Zimbabwe, Libya, Swaziland and the DR Congo, laughably employing proven disastrous intermediaries like Thabo Mbeki. They continue being party to the oppression, subjugation and abuse of African people. The world is unfortunate enough to contain some of mankind’s most sadistic leaders who bully, abuse and kill the very people they are supposed to be protecting.

History is littered with such human beasts that get away with their crimes. On July 17th, 1998 at a diplomatic conference in Rome, the countries of the world, having recognised the continuing killing and abuse of people around the world, adopted the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, which was a treaty that established the International Criminal Court (ICC). It was empowered to deal with four international crimes, namely: genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression. “Under the Rome Statute, the ICC can only investigate and prosecute these four core international crimes in situations where states are “unable” or “unwilling” to do so themselves.”

Needless to say, by their sheer character and demonic behaviour, an awkward number of African leaders slowly started becoming prime candidates for appearances at the ICC. The ICC is not, as Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe claims, targeting African leaders, per se. Even if it were, why should any leader behave in such a way that satisfies the requirements of an ICC indictment? Mugabe, himself a prime candidate for an ICC appearance, should maybe tell the world which of the African leaders indicted by the ICC is innocent of killing his own citizens. Mugabe, mindful of his own genocide credentials, has refused to be signatory to the Rome Statute and is agitating and pushing fellow African countries to pull out of the ICC, citing the fact that the ICC targets Africans and is biased. Indeed, the majority of ICC indictees are Africans but that should not be used as reason to exonerate African leaders who murder their own people. If the ICC cooks up accusations of crimes against humanity and genocide against African leaders, then that is an issue that needs to be looked into and pronto. But if the accusations are true, then what is the problem? Who would deny that Liberia’s Charles Taylor, C├┤te d’Ivoire’s Laurent Gbagbo, Sudan’s Omar al-Bashir, Jean-Pierre Bemba of DR Congo, Uganda’s Joseph Kony and Robert Mugabe must stand trial? We should not set a murderer free here just because another murderer elsewhere has not been arrested. What Mugabe is saying is that: ‘even if we did it, so and so also did the same’. The issue here though is to determine guilt or innocence. Period. What does it say for the African Union when it says that it will not let African leaders be prosecuted by an international tribunal when half of the eight cases the ICC is prosecuting were referred by African governments? The heart of the matter is that because of the worsening, sadistic and murderous tendencies of African rulers towards their subjects, there is greatest of need to protect African people from their own leaders across the continent simply because African leaders support those among themselves who murder their citizens.

Africans must be protected from their own leaders. To that extent, therefore, the International Criminal Court is an essential entity, particularly for those who cannot speak for themselves or defend themselves from their own governments. The Economic Community of West African States, the Southern Africa Development Community, the African Union, the East African Community all seem “unable” or “unwilling” to bring errant Heads of State in line. I do not care whether or not the ICC should indict George W Bush and Tony Blair, as Mugabe is always yapping about, but I damn well care about the person who has killed thousands of my compatriots. Indicting Bush and Blair will not bring closure to me as a Zimbabwean but indicting Mugabe and his goons who massacred our compatriots for no reason would, in a way, appease those of us who lost loved ones in what Mugabe himself conceded was “a moment of madness”. His madness. We are sick and ashamed of foreign governments, organisations and individuals always having to intervene in Africa to save Africans from being slaughtered by their own leaders. It is appalling when African leaders turn a blind eye to massacres being perpetrated by fellow African presidents.

If African leaders like Mugabe want foreigners to stay away from their affairs, they should behave in a manner that makes foreigners’ intervention redundant. Surely, the civilised world cannot be expected to watch while our leaders slaughter their citizens. I agree with former UN Secretary General, Kofi Annan, who does not accept the view that the ICC is anti-African. “The ICC is not putting Africa on trial,” said Annan. “The ICC is fighting impunity and individuals who are accused of crimes; this point cannot be made strongly enough.”

There is absolutely nothing wrong with African leaders demanding that a leader in Europe, America or elsewhere be brought before the ICC. As our leaders, they belong to an exclusive and elite group of people who have some say on what and how world affairs are handled. My point is that the failure, for whatever reason, to prosecute the leader of some country does not exonerate those accused of genocide elsewhere. For its part, the ICC must and should spread its wings if it is to be believable, respected and considered a serious champion of fairness, law and order. It must not be seen to exist to punish and humiliate Africans only. It must be there to provide, to serve justice and to protect citizens of the world. Accusations of targeting Africans only are disturbing and that must be corrected as a matter of urgency because the world needs the ICC. “The question I cannot ask often enough is: who speaks for the victims?” said Annan.

“How do they get justice? Who’s in their corner?” The answer to that, I am afraid to say, is that Africans find no sympathy from Africans; no one is in our corner except some strangers from faraway places. Based on their underperformance and depth of negligence, African organisations are disgraceful existences that should be disbanded because they don’t seem able or willing to protect African people. They are the reason why African leaders have to be hunted down, arrested and taken away, kicking and screaming, to be tried in Europe for what they did to their African brethren in Africa. African organisations are the reason why Charles Taylor, who butchered his compatriots in Liberia, was tried in Europe and is now serving his sentence in England and not in Liberia, Ethiopia or elsewhere in Africa.


Read this week's paper