In almost all the sports codes in the country, there isn’t one that performs and competes well internationally.
Sports development in Botswana is still far behind and this, in most cases, is blamed on the coaches. They are believed to be inefficient in their jobs, hence the poor results all the time.
Besides all this, however, it is also believed to be caused by the lack of motivation of athletes.
In regard to this, coaching efficacy may be the only option for Batswana coaches.
Deb Feltz, Professor of Sport Psychology & Head of Department of Kinesiology at Michigan State University, describes coaching efficacy as the extent to which coaches believe they have the ability to enact behaviors and fulfill tasks expected of coaches.
Feltz also carried out a study on coaching efficacy to determine the importance of coaching efficacy, a study which is said to be relevant in Botswana.
Feltz discovered that coaching efficacy is an important variable within a constellation of personal characteristics that affect coaching behavior. She noted that, for coaches to be successful in their work, they need to employ the four dimensions that she managed to come up with from her research. She discovered dimensions like technical, motivational, strategy use and character based efficacy.
“Technical efficacy is the confidence coaches have in their instructional and diagnostic skills, motivational is the confidence coaches have in affecting the psychological mood and skills of their athletes whereas character based is the influence on the personal growth/development and positive attitude toward sport in athletes,” she said.
At a seminar she addressed at the University of Botswana on Thursday, Prof. Feltz explained that, should coaches deploy coaching efficacy, they will have so many positive outcomes.
She said with efficacy, teams may start performing better because not only are they satisfied with the coach but they have the encouragement from their coach as well.
“There is also less instruction and organization, players know where to go and what to do even when the coach is not around,” he said. “Coaches who exhibit high character building should have less aggressive players because with character building efficacy positive attitude is instilled to sports,” she said.
Answering a question from one of Botswana coaches at the seminar about putting money on the table, she explained that though it may be an option she did not really dwell into it.
A Botswana athlete, who preferred anonymity, welcomed Feltz’s research, saying Botswana coaching is very poor hence the poor results at international level by athletes. He noted that most of the coaches undergo informal training and, at least with the coaching efficacy dimensions, they may learn a few techniques and try to improve their results.