Youth Non Governmental Organizations that met on a dialogue in preparation for the forthcoming African Ministerial Conference on Environment (AMCEN) – Civil Society Consultative Workshop over the weekend were briefed on the previous Conference of Parties (COP 20).
Letlhogonolo Ralefala of Botswana Network of Climate Change told participants there that the 20th meeting of the COP was held in Lima, Peru in December, 2014.And before the meeting was held a significant agreement between the US and China was reached which provided the impetus to the COP 20 deliberations.
“Together, the US and China contribute over 40 per cent of global CO2 emissions. China will cap CO2 emissions by 2030 and increase the proportion of energy consumed from non-fossil fuel sources to 20 percent over the same period. The United States will reduce emissions by 26-28per cent below 2005 levels by 2025, with a longer term objective of reducing emissions by 80 per cent by 2050.”
He said progress was made in Lima on elevating adaptation onto the same level as the curbing and cutting of greenhouse gas emissions; or mitigation.
This he said would be done through recognition that National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) offer an important way of delivering resilience.
“NAPs will now be made more visible via the UNFCCC website which should improve the opportunity for receiving backing. The green light was given for discussions with the Green Climate Fund (GCF) on how countries can be supported with their NAPs which should increase the number of these plans coming forward for support,” explained Ralefala.
He said governments made progress on coordinating the delivery of climate finance and of the various existing funds.
“Further pledges were made to the Green Climate Fund in Lima by the governments of Norway, Australia, Belgium, Peru, Colombia and Austria–the pledges brought the total sum pledged to the Green Climate Fund to close to USD 10.2 billion. In a further boost to the adaptation ambitions of developing countries, Germany made a pledge of 55 million Euros to the Adaptation Fund. China also announced $10 million for South-South cooperation and mentioned they would double it next year,” he said.
Ralefala further highlighted that the government of Peru launched a new portal, with support from the UNFCCC, to increase the visibility of the wealth of climate action among cities, regions, companies and investors, including those under international cooperative initiatives.
“ The portal ÔÇô named the Nazca Climate Action Portal ÔÇô is designed to inject additional momentum into the process through to Paris by demonstrating the wealth of non-state action.Countries meeting in Lima made progress on providing support to avoid deforestation; with Colombia, Guyana, Indonesia, Malaysia and Mexico formally submitted information and data on the status of their greenhouse gas emission reductions in the forest sector to the UNFCCC secretariat following a similar submission by Brazil earlier in the year,” he said.
He explained that these baselines are likely to increase the possibility of obtaining international funding under initiatives like Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+).
“In support of this, the COP President announced that an ‘information hub’ will be launched on the UNFCCC web site, spotlighting actions by countries carrying out REDD+ activities. The aim is to bring greater transparency on both the actions being undertaken, including safeguards for communities and the payments being made.”
The dialogue brought together young people from the University of Botswana, Botswana Climate Change Network and environmental organizations like Somarelang Tikologo.